What is a gingivitis?
It is inflammation of the gums caused by tartar buildup and plaque on the teeth. Symptoms related to this problem are often barely perceptible and almost never cause pain.
The final stage of gingivitis is periodontitis.
What are the causes of gingivitis?
Our hygiene habits are important because gingivitis occurs when brushing teeth and flossing is not done daily.
The positioning of the teeth can promote accumulations of plaque and tartar.
Defective fillings become suitable areas to retain the plaque responsible for the inflammation.
What are the signs and symptoms of gingivitis?
- Bleeding from the gums when flossing and brushing
- Swollen and red gums
- Persistent bad breath (halitosis)
- Gingivitis is painless at first. If left untreated, it can degenerate into a more serious gum disease. Hence the importance of going to the dentist regularly to get rid of tartar deposits.
What is a periodontitis?
It is a gingivitis whose prevention has been neglected. When left untreated, the bacteria eventually attack the bone at the root of the tooth, resulting in loss of teeth.
It represents the most advanced stage of gum disease and has irreversible consequences.
Periodontal therapy is needed to help stabilize or improve the condition.
We strictly monitor our patients with chronic gingival conditions to make sure they can keep their teeth as long as possible.
The malposition of the teeth
When the teeth are not aligned properly in the mouth, this causes a problem that dentists call “malocclusion”. If left untreated, malocclusion can lead to periodontal disease and abnormally high stress on the teeth and jaw, which can lead to premature wear.
How to prevent gingivitis and periodontitis:
- Brush your teeth: at least twice a day, ideally after meals, but especially before going to bed at night to remove the film created by bacteria with food deposits accumulated during the day.
- Flossing: flossing, when properly passed once a day, ideally at bedtime, helps to dislodge food debris and bacteria between the teeth.
- Quitting smoking: Significantly increases the risk of developing periodontal disease. It is, therefore, a good idea for a smoker to stop smoking if he wants to keep his teeth long and his gums healthy.
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